Geological

A new supernova is observed about every 30 years, and we see only a few thousand in existence

Young Universe Evidence

Young Earth Evidence




Young Universe Evidence
AndromedaInsufficient number of supernovas. A new supernova is observed about every 30 years, and we see only a few thousand in existence. –Davies, K. 1994. Distribution of Supernova Remnants in the Galaxy. Proceedings of the Third International Conference on Creationism.

  • Distribution of Supernova Remnants in the Galaxy by Keith Davies
  • Exploding stars point to a young universe (Supernova remnants) by Jonathan Sarfati Creation 19(3):46–48 1997

Absence of field galaxies. With stellar evolution, it would seem that some galaxies would not be gravitationally bound and would just spread out in a “field”

–Ackerman, P.D. 1986. It’s A Young World After All. Baker Books. pp. 68-70.


Transformation of Sirius B from a red giant star to a white dwarf star within recorded history. This is supposed to take a long time.

–Ackerman, P.D. 1986. It’s A Young World After All. Baker Books. pp. 67.


Gravitationally bound star clusters with stars of different ages. If a star cluster is gravitationally bound, under stellar evolution theory one would expect all the stars would be the same age.

–Slusher, H. S. 1980. Age of the Cosmos. Institute for Creation Research. pp. 7-14.


Spiral Galaxies. Keplerian motion should destroy the arms of a spiral galaxy in one to a few rotations of the galaxy – 200-1000 million years at most. However, a huge number of spiral galaxies still exist.

–Slusher, H. S. 1980. Age of the Cosmos. Institute for Creation Research. pp. 15-16.


Star Clusters. Clusters of stars are common, even though they should rapidly break up due to shearing and tidal affects as they rotate around a galaxy’s nucleus.

–Slusher, H. S. 1980. Age of the Cosmos. Institute for Creation Research. pp. 16.

 



 

Moon Dust and Debris – If the Moon were billions of years old, it should have accumulated a thick layer of dust and debris from meteoritic bombardment. Scientists were concerned that astronauts would sink into a sea of dust, but instead very little meteoritic debris was found. In fact, it was estimated that hundreds of feet and even a mile of thickness would be present, however, after examining rocks and dust brought back from the Moon, scientists learned that only about 1/67th of the dust and debris has even come from outer space.

  • Moon Dust – 17 Evidences Against Evolution
  • Moon Dust and Debris by Dr. Walt Brown
  • How much dust and meteorite debris should the moon have if it is 4.6 billions years old? by Dr. Walt Brown.
  • Moon Dust and the Age of the Solar System Dr. Andrew A. Snelling and David E. Rush Creation Ex Nihilo Technical Journal 7(1):2-42, 1993

Existence of short-period comets – The origin of the comets in our solar system is a great mystery from an old universe perspective as they degrade rapidly. While evolutionary astronomers once thought the Oort cloud could account for all comets, the Kuiper belt has been revived to explain their existence.

  • Comets and the Age of the Solar System Danny Faulkner. Creation Ex Nihilo Technical Journal 11(3):264–273, 1997
  • More problems for the ‘Oort comet cloud’ by Danny Faulkner, Ph.D. TJ 15(2):11, 2001
  • The Short Period Comet Problem (for evolutionists): Have Recent Kuiper Belt discoveries solved the evolutionary long age dilemma? by Robert Newton TJ 16(2), 2002.

Existence of unstable rings around planets like Saturn. Rings are not stable and will not last. –Slusher, H. S. 1980. Age of the Cosmos. Institute for Creation Research. pp. 65-72.

  • How old are Saturn’s rings-by David M. Harris Creation 12(4):40–41 1990
  • Saturn’s Rings — Short-Lived and Young Andrew A Snelling CEN Technical Journal 11(1):1, 1997
  • The Delicate Rings of Saturn – The Age of the Universe

Planetary Magnetic Fields – Presence of magnetic fields around solar system bodies (Mercury, Jupiter’s moon Ganymede, Neptune, Uranus) without an obvious internal dynamo. No natural process is known which could sustain a magnetic field around these bodies – their magnetic fields should have decayed out of existence if they ever had any.

  • Beyond Nepture: Voyager II Supports Creation by Russell Humphreys. ICR Impact 203 May 1990
  • The Creation of Planetary Magnetic Fields CRSQ Vol 21 Number 3 Dec 1984 by Russell Humphreys

Recession of the moon from the earth. The moon is moving away from the earth gradually due to tidal activity. This movement is too fast for the earth-moon system to be 4.6 billion years old. –Huse, S. M. 1993. The Collapse of Evolution. Baker Books. pp. 41-42.

  • Young Age for the Moon and Earth by Dr. Thomas G. Barnes. ICR Impact No. 110 August 1982
    by Dr. Thomas G. Barnes
  • The Moon is Still Young by Malcolm Bowden
  • Moon Recession by Walt Brown

Shrinking sun – Sun may be shrinking a few feet each year. Can’t extrapolate this trend back to the past very far without effecting earth’s environment. –Hinderliter, H. 1989. The Shrinking Sun. Design and Origins in Astronomy. Creation Research Society. pp. 107-112.

  • The Sun is Shrinking by Dr. Russell Akridge  ICR Impact No. 82 April 1980
  • The Young Faint Sun paradox and the age of the solar system by Danny Faulkner, Ph.D. TJ 15(2):3–4, 2001

Absence/shortage of solar neutrinos. Nuclear fusion in the sun’s core should give off neutrinos. Experiments have not detected an adequate number of neutrinos – this is a well known problem. Some creationists have argued that this implies solar heat is due to gravity and not fusion – this would imply a young sun.

–Hinderliter, H. 1989. The Shrinking Sun. Design and Origins in Astronomy. Creation Research Society. pp. 113-125.


Continued presence of small meteorites in the face of the Poynting/Robertson effect. Poynting-Robertson effect should sweep the solar system clean of small particles.

–Slusher, H. S. 1980. Age of the Cosmos. Institute for Creation Research. pp. 55-64.


Extensive tectonic activity on Jupiter’s moon Io. Inadequate heat sources for a small moon so far from the sun to still be geologically active.

–Ackerman, P.D. 1986. It’s A Young World After All. Baker Books. pp. 41-45.


Rock flow and lunar craters – Rock flow should have eliminated old craters on the moon.

–Ackerman, P.D. 1986. It’s A Young World After All. Baker Books. pp. 49-53.


Heat level of the sun’s corona. Not sustainable for a long time period.


High concentration of Uranium-236 on the moon. Should have decayed.


High concentration of Thorium-230 on the moon. Should have decayed.


Tumbling of asteroid Gaspra. Should have stabilized.

 



Young Earth Evidence
Delicate Arch - UtahNuclear Decay: Recent experiments commissioned by the RATE project indicate that “1.5 billion years” worth of nuclear decay took place in one or more short episodes between 4,000 and 14,000 years ago.

  • Nuclear Decay: Evidence for a Young World by Russell Humphreys, PhD. ICR Impact 352: Acts & Facts Vol. 31 No. 10 October 2002 Online Issue No. 26

Earth’s Magnetic Field: Exponential decay in the earth’s magnetic field (half-life of 1400-2000 years). This half-life can’t be extrapolated back more than about 10,000 years without the field becoming intolerably powerful.

  • Earth’s Magnetic Field – Audio lecture by Russell Humphreys
  • Earth’s Magnetic Age: The Achilles Heel of Evolution  by Thomas G. Barnes. ICR Impact No. 122 1983
  • Is the Earth’s Magnetic Field Evidence for a Young Earth ICR Impact No. 242 August 1993 by Russell Humphreys, Ph.D.
  • The Creation of Planetary Magnetic Fields D. Russell Humphreys CRSQ Volume 21, Number 3 (December 1984)
  • The Earth’s Magnetic Field NASA APOD 2002 November 25 2002
  • The Earth’s Magnetic Field is Still Losing Energy by D. Russell Humphreys CRSQ Vol 39 No 1 pp 1-11 June 2002
  • The Mystery of the Earth’s Magnetic Field – ICR Impact No. 188 February 1989
    by Russell Humphreys, Ph.D.

Polonium Halos: Robert Gentry’s work showed that the Earth’s granite was never in a molten condition, because polonium halos survive only in solid rock and the half-life of polonium is much too short to survive a multimillion-year cooling time. His results seem to indicate that the Earth was created instantaneously, in a cool condition. If true, it is clear evidence for creation and a young earth.

  • Creation’s Tiny Mystery online book by Dr. Robert V. Gentry
  • Evidence for Earth’s Instant Creation – Polonium Halos in Granite and Coal – Earth Science Associates
  • Creation’s Tiny Mystery Explored, by Robert Goette, Ph.D.
  • Investigating Polonium Radiohalo Occurrences by John Morris, Ph.D.
  • Polonium Halos: Comments on Geological Objections, by Robert Gentry, Ph.D.
  • Polonium Radiohalos Still A Very Tiny Mystery by Andrew A. Snelling, Ph.D. ICR Impact No. 326
  • Polonium Pleochroic Halos, by Jon Covey
    • Anonymous Professor Refutes Covey’s Halo Evidence
  • What significance do radio halos hold for recent creation by Christian Answers Net

Helium diffusion: There is insufficient mass of helium in earth’s atmosphere to account for 4.6 billion years of radioactive decay. Helium is a by-product of radioactive decay of some elements. It is a noble gas which doesn’t combine with any other element, but there is not enough of it to account for the radioactive decay which should have occurred in an old-earth scenario.

In addition, uranium and thorium in zircons produce helium as a by-product of their radioactive decay. This helium seeps out of (sic) zircons quickly over a wide range of temperatures. If the zircons really are about 1.5 billion years old (the age which conventional dating gives assuming a constant decay rate), almost all of the helium should have dissipated from the zircons long ago. But there is a significant amount of helium still inside the zircons, showing their ages to be 6000 +/- 2000 years. Accelerated decay must have produced a billion years worth of helium in that short amount of time.

  • Helium Escape Problem ICR Impact No. 143 May 1985 by Larry Vardiman, Ph.D.
  • Helium diffusion rates support accelerated nuclear decay by Russell Humphreys, Steven Austin, John Baumgardner, and Andrew Snelling. 2003. International Conference on Creationism.
  • Helium Diffusion Experiments Give Nuclear Evidence for a Young World Powerpoint presentation by Russell Humphreys
  • Helium diffusion age of 6,000 years supports accelerated nuclear decay by Russell Humphreys, Steven Austin, John Baumgardner, and Andrew Snelling. 2004. Creation Research Society Quarterly 41(1): 1-16.
  • RATE Group Confirms Fast Diffusion of Helium in Rocks by Larry Vardiman

 


Human population growth: If humans had been around more than a few thousand years, they would have populated the earth more quickly. –Morris, J. D. 1994. The Young Earth. Master Books. pp. 70-71.

  • Evolution and the Population Problem ICR Impact No. 21 March 1975
    by Henry M. Morris, Ph.D.*
  • Where are all the people by Don Batten Creation Ex Nihilo 23(3):52–55 June–August 2001

Rapid Oil Formation: It has been claimed that oil was formed over 100 millions of years from organic remains, but recent experiments have shown that oil can be produced under the right conditions in a matter of minutes.

“Experiments by the U.S. Bureau of mines showed that petroleum (oil) can be produced from organic material in only 20 minutes.” Hayden R. Appell, Y.C. Fu, Sam Friedman, et al, “Converting Organic Wastes to Oil,” RL-7560 (Washington, D.C., United States Department of the Interior, Bureau of Mines, 1971.)

” British scientists claimed to have invented a way to turn household garbage into oil suitable for home heating or power plant use. ‘We are doing in 10 minutes what it has taken nature 150 million years to do’, said Noel McAuliffe of Manchester University…” Sentinel Star, 2/26/1982

Middleton, Holyland, Loewenthal, Bruner, “Bottom line – Economic accumulations of oil and gas can be generated in thousands of years in sedimentary basins that have experienced hot fluid flow for similar durations.” The Petroleum Exploration Society of Australia No. 24, 1996, p. 6-12


Rapid Wood Petrification: Petrified wood was believed to required thousands or even millions of years, but a US patent now exists that is able to produce petrified wood rapidly.

“A mineralized sodium silicate solution for the application to wood has a composition causing it to penetrate the wood and jell within the wood so as to give the wood the non-burning characteristics of petrified wood.” US Patent & Trademark Office, Patent No. 4,612,050


Argument from tree rings: Tree rings, including rings on petrified forest trees, can’t be traced back more than some thousands of years. –Morris, H. M. 1961. The Genesis Flood. pp. 392-393.

  • Redwoods and the Flood ICR Impact No. 134 August 1984
    by Dorothy E. Kreiss Robbins

Absence of large number of human tombs. Humans bury their dead, even in “stone-age” societies, but large numbers of tombs are not found.


Argument from only recent known civilizations. Earliest known civilizations are only a few thousand years old.–Morris, J. D. 1994. The Young Earth. Master Books. pp. 70.


Dating of Niagara falls. Erosion of the system indicates it is only a few thousand years old.–Morris, J. D. 1994. The Young Earth. Master Books. pp. 48-49.


Dating of Mississippi river delta. Erosion rate and amount of sediment accumulated indicate that it is only a few thousand years old. –Mehlert, A. W. “Another Look at the Agea and History of the Mississippi River.” pp. 121-123. Creation Research Society Quarterly, December 1988.


Lack of equilibrium of Carbon-14/Carbon-12 ratio. This ratio should reach equilibrium in the atmosphere in only some thousands of years, but it hasn’t reached that point yet. –Morris, J. D. 1994. The Young Earth. Master Books. pp. 73-74.


Erosion rate of the continents. Continental mass divided by erosion rate would wash all the continents into the ocean in about 14 million years. –Morris, J. D. 1994. The Young Earth. Master Books. pp. 88-90.


Sediments in the Ocean. Present erosion rate could produce all the existing ocean sediment in only 15 million years. –Morris, J. D. 1994. The Young Earth. Master Books. pp. 90.


Amount of salts in the ocean divided by rate of influx. This is actually many dating methods – one for each salt which can be measured. For example, all the sodium chloride in the ocean would have been washed in in about 62 million years, if the ocean was pure water to begin with. –Morris, J. D. 1994. The Young Earth. Master Books. pp. 85-87.


Amount of water on earth’s surface / rate at which it is expelled from below ground. Enough water is expelled from deep below the earth via volcanoes, etc. to rapidly produce more than all the water on the earth’s surface. –Morris, H. M. 1961. The Genesis Flood. Presbyterian and Reformed Publishing Company. pp. 387-389.


Pressure in oil reservoirs. Couldn’t have stayed high for millions of years.

–Huse, S. M. 1993. The Collapse of Evolution. Baker Books. pp. 40-41.


Rate of accretion of the earth’s crust due to volcanism. Volcanic activity could produce the entire earth’s crust in only 1.2 billion years even with no crust to begin with.

–Morris, J. D. 1994. The Young Earth. Master Books. pp. 88.


Uranium Halos

–Morris, J. D. 1994. The Young Earth. Master Books. pp. 62-64.

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